The International Harvester Company was formed in 1902 when The McCormick Harvesting Machine Co and The Deering Harvester Co merged. The new company produced their first tractor in 1906, as with other internal combustion engined tractors of the time it looked more like a traction engine rather than a farm tractor such as the International Junior 8-16 of 1917.
International Harvester also produced tractors under the brand names of Farmall, McCormick-Deering, Mogul, and Titan. The early tractors such as the Mogul and Titan were quite primitive affairs, basically they consisted of a stationary engine mounted on a chassis, drive to the rear traction engine like wheels was by chain.
The introduction of the International Junior 8-16 of 1917 saw International Harvester use an advanced overhead valve engine for the first time. Subsequently products from the International company were more expensive than contemporary Ford designs, but the engines were more advanced and the quality of both the design and components used, resulted in tractors which for their time were second to none, both in reliability and durability.